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FreeBSD 12.0 erschienen

Hallo BSDForen,
nach einem reibungslosen Release-Prozess ist FreeBSD 12.0 erschienen. Bei FreeBSD 12.0 handelt es sich um ein Hauptrelease mit einer Reihe kleinerer und größerer Neuerungen, sowohl an der Oberfläche, als auch auf technischer Ebene. Aufgrund des industrieweiten Trends zu kürzeren Support-Zyklen wird derzeit im Rahmen des FreeBSD Community Process diskutiert, wie FreeBSDs Support-Modell zukünftig aussehen wird. Mit einer Entscheidung wird Ende März 2019 gerechnet. In jedem Fall wird der FreeBSD 12 Zweig mindestens 18 Monate oder bis 3 Monate nach dem Erscheinen von FreeBSD 13 unterstützt werden, je nach dem was zuerst eintritt.

Ankündigung: https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.0R/announce.html
Release Notes: https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.0R/relnotes.html
Errata: https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.0R/errata.html

Die wichtigsten Neuerungen sind:
  • Allgemeines:
    • FreeBSD Releases werden nun unter den Vorgaben des Reproduceable Builds Projekts gebaut, lassen sich also auf Wunsch von jedem Nutzer lokal reproduzieren.
    • devmatch erlaubt es benötigte Kernelmodule automatisch zu erkennen und zu laden. Dies ist in der Standardeinstellung aktiviert.
    • Der Standard-Pager ist nun less anstelle von more.
    • Der GNU Debugger gdb ist mit Ausnahme von FreeBSD/SPARC64 aus dem Basissystem entfernt worden. Stattdessen wird die Nutzung von lldb empfohlen. Zudem steht ein aktueller GNU Debugger in den Ports zur Verfügung.
  • Bootloader:
    • Die Bootloader-Scripte wurden von FORTH auf Lua migriert. Hierdurch werden sie für Entwickler einfacher zu warten und sind für Endnutzer einfacher anzupassen, sowie zu erweitern. Die alten FORTH-Scripte sind über die FreeBSD 12 Serie hinweg noch vorhanden und können durch den Schalter LOADER_DEFAULT_INTERP=4th in der /etc/src.conf aktiviert werden.
    • Alle Bootloader unterstützen nun die gleichen Funktionen. Insbesondere ist hier das Booten von GELI-verschlüsselten Partitionen zu nennen, welches bis einschließlich FreeBSD 11.2 ausschließlich dem BIOS-Bootloader vorbehalten war. Nun ist dieses auch durch alle anderen Bootloader möglich.
    • Der UEFI-Loader unterstützt nun den kompletten UEFI-Standard, einschließlich des Multiboot-Protokolls zur Interaktion mit anderen Bootloadern. Auf FreeBSD/amd64, FreeBSD/arm6, FreeBSD/arm7 und FreeBSD/aarch64 ist UEFI die bevorzugte Bootmethode, sofern die Hardware dieses unterstützt.
  • Dateisysteme:
    • bectl wurde zur einfachen Verwaltung von ZFS Boot-Enviroments hinzugefügt. Es ist funktional weitgehend äquivalent zu dem sysutils/beadm Port.
    • UFS ist nun teilweise gegen beschädigte oder absichtlich veränderte Dateisysteme geschützt. Das System stürzt im Falle eines beschädigten Dateisystem nicht mehr ab, stattdessen wird der betroffene Mountpunkt blockiert. Der Schutz ist noch nicht vollständig.
    • OpenZFS wurde auf die letzte Version aktualisiert. Dies bedeutet eine Reihe kleiner Neuerungen und Verbesserungen, bringt aber vor allem auf Storage-Systemen mit sehr vielen IOPS deutlicher Performancesteigerungen.
    • Das ext4 Dateisystem wird nun lesend und schreibend unterstützt.
  • Hardware:
    • FreeBSD/amd64 hat nun in der Standardinstalltion NUMA-Unterstützung.
    • ACPI 6.0 wird unterstützt.
    • Systeme auf Basis der AMD Zen Mikroarchitektur werden vollständig unterstützt. Dies sind diverse einzelne Änderungen, unter anderem eine angepasste Erkennung der CPU- und Speicher-Topologie, Unterstützung für Sensoren und den System Management Bus. Optional wird zudem AMDs dedizierter Cryptoprozessor unterstützt, dieser ist jedoch deutlich langsamer als aesni und daher nicht empfohlen.
    • CPU-Microcode kann nun wie z.B. auch unter Linux bereits vor dem Start des Kernels aktualisiert werden.
    • Initiale Unterstützung für Non Volatile DIMMs wurde hinzugefügt.
  • Jail und Virtualisierung:
    • Jails unterstützen nun auch mit dem GENERIC-Kernel die Netzwerkstack-Virtualisierung mittel vnet. Dies funktioniert nun anders als bisher auch zuverlässig mit pf.
    • FUSE ist nun jail-aware. Damit können FUSE-Module an Jails deligiert und aus diesen heraus gemountet werden.
    • Bhyve erhielt diverse kleinere Verbesserungen hinsichtlich Zuverlässigkeit und Performance. Vor allem wurde die Unterstützung von AMD SVM deutlich verbessert.
    • Bhyve kann nun in Jails ausgeführt werden.
  • Netzwerk:
    • ipfw erhielt diverse Neuerungen. Unter anderem gibt es nun Named States und es möglich Filter und Ausführung zu trennen.
    • TCP-Stacks können nun als Modul geladen werden. Dies erlaubt es FreeBSD mit mehreren TCP-Stacks, welche auf verschiedene Aufgaben optimiert sind, auszuliefern. Der bisherige TCP-Stack ist weiterhin der einzige in der Standardinstalltion unterstützte Stack, weitere werden in Zukunft folgen.
    • Ein Großteil der NIC-Treiber wurde auf das iflib Interface umgestellt. Sie verhalten sich dadurch gleich, bisher gab es subtile Unterschiede. Die meisten Treiber sind außerdem deutlich schneller geworden, wobei dieses nur bei sehr hohen Durchsätzen auf langsamer Hardware zu erkennen ist.
    • Diverse Performance-Optimierungen hinsichtlich 100GBit/s Netzwerken.
  • Sicherheit:
    • Ein Großteil der Userland-Tools ist nun durch Capsicum geschützt.
    • OpenSSL wurde auf Version 1.1 aktualisiert.
    • Kernel-Dumps können verschlüsselt und außerdem über das Netzwerk übertragen werden. Es ist im Problemfall nicht mehr notwendig unverschlüsselte Dumps auf einen lokalen Datenträger zu schreiben.
Die Ankündigung in Kopie:
Code:
FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE Announcement

   The FreeBSD Release Engineering Team is pleased to announce the
   availability of FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE. This is the first release of the
   stable/12 branch.

   Some of the highlights:

     * OpenSSL has been updated to version 1.1.1a (LTS).

     * Unbound has been updated to version 1.8.1, and DANE-TA has been
       enabled by default.

     * OpenSSH has been updated to version 7.8p1.

     * Additonal capsicum(4) support has been added to sshd(8).

     * Clang, LLVM, LLD, LLDB, compiler-rt and libc++ has been updated to
       version 6.0.1.

     * The vt(4) Terminus BSD Console font has been update to version 4.46.

     * The bsdinstall(8) utility now supports UEFI+GELI as an installation
       option.

     * The VIMAGE kernel configuration option has been enabled by default.

     * The NUMA option has been enabled by default in the amd64 GENERIC and
       MINIMAL kernel configurations.

     * The netdump(4) driver has been added, providing a facility through
       which kernel crash dumps can be transmitted to a remote host after a
       system panic.

     * The vt(4) driver has been updated with performance improvements,
       drawing text at rates ranging from 2- to 6-times faster.

     * Various improvements to graphics support for current generation
       hardware.

     * Support for capsicum(4) has been enabled on armv6 and armv7 by
       default.

     * The UFS/FFS filesystem has been updated to consolidate
       TRIM/BIO_DELETE commands, reducing read/write requests due to fewer
       TRIM messages being sent simultaneously.

     * The NFS version 4.1 server has been updated to include pNFS server
       support.

     * The pf(4) packet filter is now usable within a jail(8) using vnet(9).

     * The bhyve(8) utility has been updated to add NVMe device emulation.

     * The bhyve(8) utility is now able to be run withing a jail(8).

     * Various Lua loader(8) improvements.

     * KDE has been updated to version 5.12.5.

     * And more...

   For a complete list of new features and known problems, please see the
   online release notes and errata list, available at:

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/12.0R/relnotes.html

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/12.0R/errata.html

   For more information about FreeBSD release engineering activities, please
   see:

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releng/

Availability

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE is now available for the amd64, i386, powerpc,
   powerpc64, powerpcspe, sparc64, armv6, armv7, and aarch64 architectures.

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE can be installed from bootable ISO images or over
   the network. Some architectures also support installing from a USB memory
   stick. The required files can be downloaded as described in the section
   below.

   SHA512 and SHA256 hashes for the release ISO, memory stick, and SD card
   images are included at the bottom of this message.

   PGP-signed checksums for the release images are also available at:

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/12.0R/signatures.html

   A PGP-signed version of this announcement is available at:

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/12.0R/announce.asc

   The purpose of the images provided as part of the release are as follows:

   dvd1

           This contains everything necessary to install the base FreeBSD
           operating system, the documentation, debugging distribution sets,
           and a small set of pre-built packages aimed at getting a
           graphical workstation up and running. It also supports booting
           into a "livefs" based rescue mode. This should be all you need if
           you can burn and use DVD-sized media.

           Additionally, this can be written to an USB memory stick (flash
           drive) for the amd64 architecture and used to do an install on
           machines capable of booting off USB drives. It also supports
           booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode.

           As one example of how to use the memstick image, assuming the USB
           drive appears as /dev/da0 on your machine something like this
           should work:

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   disc1

           This contains the base FreeBSD operating system. It also supports
           booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode. There are no pre-built
           packages.

           Additionally, this can be written to an USB memory stick (flash
           drive) for the amd64 architecture and used to do an install on
           machines capable of booting off USB drives. It also supports
           booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode. There are no pre-built
           packages.

           As one example of how to use the memstick image, assuming the USB
           drive appears as /dev/da0 on your machine something like this
           should work:

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   bootonly

           This supports booting a machine using the CDROM drive but does
           not contain the installation distribution sets for installing
           FreeBSD from the CD itself. You would need to perform a network
           based install (e.g., from an HTTP or FTP server) after booting
           from the CD.

           Additionally, this can be written to an USB memory stick (flash
           drive) for the amd64 architecture and used to do an install on
           machines capable of booting off USB drives. It also supports
           booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode. There are no pre-built
           packages.

           As one example of how to use the memstick image, assuming the USB
           drive appears as /dev/da0 on your machine something like this
           should work:

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-bootonly.iso \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   memstick

           This can be written to an USB memory stick (flash drive) and used
           to do an install on machines capable of booting off USB drives.
           It also supports booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode. There
           are no pre-built packages.

           As one example of how to use the memstick image, assuming the USB
           drive appears as /dev/da0 on your machine something like this
           should work:

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   mini-memstick

           This can be written to an USB memory stick (flash drive) and used
           to boot a machine, but does not contain the installation
           distribution sets on the medium itself, similar to the bootonly
           image. It also supports booting into a "livefs" based rescue
           mode. There are no pre-built packages.

           As one example of how to use the mini-memstick image, assuming
           the USB drive appears as /dev/da0 on your machine something like
           this should work:

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-mini-memstick.img \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   FreeBSD/arm SD card images

           These can be written to an SD card and used to boot the supported
           arm system. The SD card image contains the full FreeBSD
           installation, and can be installed onto SD cards as small as
           512Mb.

           For convenience for those without console access to the system, a
           freebsd user with a password of freebsd is available by default
           for ssh(1) access. Additionally, the root user password is set to
           root, which it is strongly recommended to change the password for
           both users after gaining access to the system.

           To write the FreeBSD/arm image to an SD card, use the dd(1)
           utility, replacing KERNEL with the appropriate kernel
           configuration name for the system.

           # dd if=FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-KERNEL.img \
             of=/dev/da0 bs=1m conv=sync

           Be careful to make sure you get the target (of=) correct.

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE can also be purchased on CD-ROM or DVD from several
   vendors. One of the vendors that will be offering FreeBSD 12.0-based
   products is:

     * FreeBSD Mall, Inc. https://www.freebsdmall.com

   Pre-installed virtual machine images are also available for the amd64
   (x86_64), i386 (x86_32), and AArch64 (arm64) architectures in QCOW2, VHD,
   and VMDK disk image formats, as well as raw (unformatted) images.

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE amd64 is also available on these cloud hosting
   platforms:

     * Amazon(R) EC2(TM):
       AMIs are available in the following regions:

         ap-south-1 region: ami-024f703d85c3b1012
         eu-west-3 region: ami-04243f83cbdff155e
         eu-west-2 region: ami-019ecda9be40c3dc1
         eu-west-1 region: ami-01fe4421da59ecb30
         ap-northeast-2 region: ami-00714e1048e4f0d07
         ap-northeast-1 region: ami-07b604cf5a1d2d2e8
         sa-east-1 region: ami-05dd76ac6637fb42d
         ca-central-1 region: ami-03bb92c67ff9aaf90
         ap-southeast-1 region: ami-09f5032f4642114c0
         ap-southeast-2 region: ami-0e0c8be22c4801d9b
         eu-central-1 region: ami-01b35a0a834759fc1
         us-east-1 region: ami-03b0f822e17669866
         us-east-2 region: ami-0842e35b91bf08aa5
         us-west-1 region: ami-0519471b49bca30b3
         us-west-2 region: ami-04331586c79df8e01

       AMIs are also available in the Amazon(R) Marketplace at:
       https://aws.amazon.com/marketplace/pp/B07L6QV354/

     * Google(R) Compute Engine(TM):
       Instances can be deployed using the gcloud utility:

           % gcloud compute instances create INSTANCE \
             --image freebsd-12-0-release-amd64 \
             --image-project=freebsd-org-cloud-dev
           % gcloud compute ssh INSTANCE

       Replace INSTANCE with the name of the Google Compute Engine instance.

       FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE will also available in the
       Google Compute Engine(TM) Marketplace once they have completed
       third-party specific validation at:
       https://console.cloud.google.com/launcher/browse?filter=category:os&filter=price:free

     * Hashicorp/Atlas(R) Vagrant(TM):
       Instances can be deployed using the vagrant utility:

           % vagrant init freebsd/FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE
           % vagrant up

Download

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE may be downloaded via https from the following site:

     * https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/releases/ISO-IMAGES/12.0/

   FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE virtual machine images may be downloaded from:

     * https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/releases/VM-IMAGES/12.0-RELEASE/

   For instructions on installing FreeBSD or updating an existing machine to
   12.0-RELEASE please see:

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/12.0R/installation.html

Support

   Based on discussion surrounding reviewing the FreeBSD support model, the
   FreeBSD 12 release series will be supported until at least June 30, 2020.
   For more information, please see the official announcement regarding
   upcoming discussion on the support model.

     * https://www.FreeBSD.org/security/

Acknowledgments

   Many companies donated equipment, network access, or man-hours to support
   the release engineering activities for FreeBSD 12.0 including The
   FreeBSD Foundation, Yahoo!, NetApp, Internet Systems Consortium, ByteMark
   Hosting, Sentex Communications, New York Internet, Juniper Networks,
   NLNet Labs, iXsystems, CyberOne Data, and National Chiao Tung University.

   The release engineering team for 12.0-RELEASE includes:

   Glen Barber <gjb@FreeBSD.org>          Release Engineering Lead,
                                          12.0-RELEASE Release Engineer
   Konstantin Belousov <kib@FreeBSD.org>  Release Engineering
   Antoine Brodin <antoine@FreeBSD.org>   Package Building
   Bryan Drewery <bdrewery@FreeBSD.org>   Release Engineering, Package
                                          Building
   Marc Fonvieille <blackend@FreeBSD.org> Release Engineering, Documentation
   Rodney Grimes <rgrimes@FreeBSD.org>    Release Engineering
   Xin Li <delphij@FreeBSD.org>           Release Engineering
   Remko Lodder <remko@FreeBSD.org>       Security Officer Deputy, Security
                                          Team Liaison
   Ed Maste <emaste@FreeBSD.org>          Security Officer Deputy
   Hiroki Sato <hrs@FreeBSD.org>          Release Engineering, Documentation
   Gleb Smirnoff <glebius@FreeBSD.org>    Release Engineering
   Marius Strobl <marius@FreeBSD.org>     Release Engineering Deputy Lead
   Gordon Tetlow <gordon@FreeBSD.org>     Security Officer

Trademark

   FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.

ISO Image Checksums

  amd64 (x86_64):

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-bootonly.iso) = b2a39f0a965a08a4fedf122cb898667c62db80cfe674dc22c062e0c2bad59431fe6fe9730853afdaaefd21e64053c0dfcec5eb81cb56e72d7e5207ed6b8352bd
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-bootonly.iso.xz) = a222503d3f0094dc2292d52edf1f4df316f20ab76beca298bef6136e3f031d15fb7cbd3fe5792ed3f3a90adf56e1f2ba491c4778c717cc440ab7e580ad87537e
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso) = f070a18b76f525ad4ec2798c3b8fc301672202835bad99129a253f034218ac54c3d09048c2be2b4de111a2f301b2ebd60c128ae0577a6f162489ed21b7379792
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso.xz) = 5bc6a17b5c86f3e94b60cffd74d75c5973feb03d0c882db5eb11b3ed1dd919c45cfec0f6de9d1b7134c1ccb4ac4485af468a215c4e3daf71b5b88af1ea2ac864
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso) = 9f5530868b7cbdfc08aeba511d976e6c31b73577a873b405cf45971c28c5038e5db2aba93d0da1aa45606905255323ec4d2d11d3edaa12374c2763c85c561483
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso.xz) = ff7c0650969a31721841a6aa6afea9a7a53529383187b18d50178c930f7106fef94c6126d1ef6a846b5c3f91d775c6c54f50329645273eafb5bd1b12da590cb2
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img) = 87b29c56828eb847371563b44ed84adcb0a060c710fd928d96798f2fceb60f13a52232b7bce6540b586fa4ee0c4af8de0110075d994d17b3dc57fb363f4b74d1
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img.xz) = d630649a6e36132b34e3b1f97bf6a154a6dfe106bd13346ee0153b8804e48bf48aa55c65f50ca718e74f88fc56549db3ca07f8b7fe17bf4169b1e7da49ef0bdd
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 39a01d41b79bfb8a1be7f7309581ef9a61c79bd28947014a7b318929fdd315015882ce7d21d27a4322e4a67e83d9931b71c70be15eb393d82642bf883dfc2c46
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = fc23600d93a3ced2810146bee075d4bd158081db504d41e8fec83af59803400d0f38dd71e51b6f673edee9aa950167fe112a9acde37f64da7ae4d0517a0bd530


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-bootonly.iso) = 5964301f5b9c7f9cb7dab297452ce9583848cf200f2b582470b6d7c971c15ce7
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-bootonly.iso.xz) = 82c7e587016fba29391b6870d07e2c144e0ebf26e0f3008bf7683e6dd403526c
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso) = 63abec8aeb915f1a021dd2df6c7767251f9b6e87f403b7ddf9a423446d0a5453
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso.xz) = 1d40015bea89d05b8bd13e2ed80c40b522a9ec1abd8e7c8b80954fb485fb99db
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso) = 5e47941e5e4c34c5ff1f4f33309a3633c9d0a0a9c1ef6857daf520482e167d55
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso.xz) = c943ca3806aa6d7bd9fb16a477bfdac4a1d04dfd536e64310b64a04b177919a3
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img) = d3a621df18c0a6262e1985c7229054519799194f8295a777297d7dd79e1eafbe
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img.xz) = 830d1ab5aa18e3d55f26fbc1f804a422509229f60ca1f90f8098139acbe7f353
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-mini-memstick.img) = 7ee8277fa3e0cf64e3038445fd507b58bfd615b61fec4ff446085f1703000347
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = 8ad8396c9c31ba26bfc4f572ff11d9753232ceb335154431d08a5ab8542f7ff2


  i386 (x86):

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-bootonly.iso) = 3f830fd32a25bbcf14f8a4e1598c74466bb16016bbf86f79beba8aa568f0d6dfe438da1288d1bd0a7fd4a49419f4a81ba7ae2f8163c718a872724cafa97e2377
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-bootonly.iso.xz) = 87a5761d7e989bdb52eadef37c2b93d35934181f5a77d2f2905c25f516252a4cd8293d2e5be01db8714be793c5eb2fe6095a9f3809a2199dc066a7a4e408d28b
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso) = b2c339fe25c327f62eda6c9a846fd44ba9075288384db6033e8761bbb24ea90e2191cdeaa63e8640cbf839bb852afc43fc86f69436bab355513779e642080d0c
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso.xz) = 8f27e9674cbee2945e55227cc54d2981a18e97c70e7ba134285ad8fa8f3f26521b2c9ec231312bcb97ba6df49b7f1392f3bab806c43f2c2974e2a7b38525e925
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso) = ccecb7c33dc7c3e7fb2fd3333a8b7c6bf63b9dbabbe28ecd47143a4152ebe6c58ec0267a99803e3675bceaaf8a62861ae6508e4fcbf6561065f1ca7e33c031f7
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso.xz) = bb0c480ea9887e2c869fb241116f86178919a1765daad0ee3c89432a4563cd55f254044cd20d3b5e5ed6c722ad98d06fdca214e15d1377ad605ccd1345548c4c
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-memstick.img) = 880f52600db8e737673bab61185b8e2b4952143903f353f0348b20a4b8aec3f47bcbd743139b1afb1e331d05bf56fad651944134d299e2800cb02f6775089df0
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-memstick.img.xz) = 3d0813a13f5069ce3986ef7f3dfe4fc3ee5e2884ad1226b0a4ba39ecee652701593d5e5882ce1af403043e65bdb6c796ffa89c7422f8de961f9d39edee26bb9d
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-mini-memstick.img) = 9c88ef5045939690c2c507d223ab01afa0500604a0380325dc6a627a1113f47412946c95176a72d8ace70306a97cbc2d680cb8f5987b25d980a696524b49acc3
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-mini-memstick.img.xz) = 63df47030e2d6d7f710f65d65d6438bbeb0566d0f2d7f38f2edf327ad315cca108f98eebdabbb9d6edec480a0094bb1f48bf95b33417c4cf599e2542d7c516bd


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-bootonly.iso) = 40d76a964c6f4e53e604abb85f02ee35d3caa200ed6e270f5deaea1ca149d5d6
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-bootonly.iso.xz) = 67cc28e21989696f5f23f5d2f982106b3597c0910cf4a79b27eeb509be334353
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso) = c2a2a18e9e803e1849533c5c7640f1eec058ef1426fb8fa62769d2fcbd58d485
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso.xz) = 35634a351284f337a63ed6d87620165b65eee00af04fa0e774219b78d78de9e2
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso) = b6d1ac91134a0b1636c65943e0964cb85c737ff77b41690a7161200486679737
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso.xz) = 0207efa27673416ab0b0fbc16069bd1640a182b73f7ae77d2f85ac511f5711bb
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-memstick.img) = bae64d54dd62352ff5f3c8025ac4e7ad7b5d02436aa2628b78c273153ea9aec5
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-memstick.img.xz) = 3dfbd160255f5ba5a788b298c1b854f9cc28fdcda77fe24c0cd0d027e4ad7566
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-mini-memstick.img) = 61819259db48655bc0dde11c0d13b9405ad33b4bddf64e6559dc7fabfdb68444
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386-mini-memstick.img.xz) = 83cd2d3aa603c7a8d66c1da8a1410c004e63470bb65e39b10e5205bdd8d519ee


  powerpc:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-bootonly.iso) = b12b4ea409ab0b70ca99ec6a8002b52aee583a11172ea49950aec489bb5cdf73a122e1b7f685b1d7a03abb9714ff55870b09bda625f5d9cfd17bffe786f97326
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-bootonly.iso.xz) = 8c4fbc3465807e10666c9b09a691f5483e889dae17fe2585b8f9a98af516c6f4014455fd74ed853739bc578a53419b7532786c3c6aec1016408a46eb26992148
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-disc1.iso) = 405fda7832dfc7ee0018939392d231ffed365a1b7929a13c101c11d9b863f5248f96f20100c860112c0ec70951e23241da2b9bac6f4fbc59e4b6b8cbabe9a9af
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-disc1.iso.xz) = d0c8028a1e4917352da67611a13bf4b68edaffbc1a7b912776f58481d69820d480d2339c259ab073d486ae19b91e412f2f961be481d4c565e42731daebb27791
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-dvd1.iso) = 47c0424888b7ae9c9c44667798398df78ba6b7097f4a9ea82bc0ebf922c6a885a11a6ec6fc88b89ce99e340e19866f62372b25b3ad186f2a77725bc31d12e0ea
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-dvd1.iso.xz) = 1e549567dd744edb60b91dfa9d87ece9f3039d8e2dfd51a9e2a0c0b072dbd8085ef6a678caab456df8fc6066f66e500cbf68c7b46cd28810110d0aca12dffe88
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-memstick.img) = 4b18259a1f415b32bfed82c652b6cff916caa04f79b6c0d4c647d20180b3646ead55afaa00f717a9c61e7d21eb83e0725d4c96944122be78992ec0085b6926f8
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-memstick.img.xz) = 25e3a6ddc3a901a3abd0dae4c00086ea0b20ff53e5547e3b3035b43f0f90fc3d588fea2b66b482e0d41c832c422d82e8a1d416bbfed910d3fd0c86b6d3546443
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-mini-memstick.img) = 9b65f8aa5d90c1cddee94940526aa172325cf671b95c562771be8113a402685d3bb181abe397033924fc93eeb85991a161065f585ef840c83ad0536dddb62d50
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-mini-memstick.img.xz) = c2639cf82d2599de4f29ae3995f995c5e89743b0b1d12f37f08fa2ad27591ec5e0aefbbb855718064c8093ad9c984c79c5c61adda83d86a330c19015e485928c


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-bootonly.iso) = 121a58244053c908b9fd47f8b6595d5045b7e9560eda9fcfb59ee2eb6c3e4e46
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-bootonly.iso.xz) = 98992ca3845a32b4d80d13c5e43df7a3bacc6fbc2ee8287d709da285ab60c77a
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-disc1.iso) = 7c95d376b65996ab506e6af6d0b57fd74d184d0bfc11f9cb5ccc3253425069ee
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-disc1.iso.xz) = 8db1495723f99e773477b729e3c12c04b11c256598a0d9c5fe0461c0579b12ba
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-dvd1.iso) = c63bc41ef46ab3ae2b620048ee0a0bb6ea46eae9f2947f012cc39b8305351cb2
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-dvd1.iso.xz) = 41902925ea0ad09597bb1857daabd0bf69a77d8c6b332b881549fe2078d2c6da
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-memstick.img) = 06c2b11ef5a965f9c7818f0135a5778b0f5d834188a28040c344a7e52ce2d77d
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-memstick.img.xz) = 043ef1c4a72527d25a77ef8004e9a5b84d933b40d335bc2ce5b0c4148947dcf5
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-mini-memstick.img) = 8b17e26860a47bfa39dfa9b62836d83d1b3904b6091b3d9f4e86b3fda935cab3
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-mini-memstick.img.xz) = ec0de81770f2fe6cfa2faeadf2cc156fc7d6a6c68ec67790c325fa26e59a5413


  powerpc64:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-bootonly.iso) = 3e92f09d2c63cdfee5ea2e9e61799dd00d1266a457ba1e962fbc1fcecd85fd31b3e2319a385fa769c8d643de898d6f80e5108129e80afa3a2f050d7101adb60a
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-bootonly.iso.xz) = d8ee66d52b1a9fef0c9b589a5b4c84986755062c772722bd9abf5e9b14fc9533496649631ff602a0062d0238b6c6ccb980afb033630812f3209d4b497db10c59
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-disc1.iso) = e6cf20eedae4721dd3635e79f7476953372936ee96b258543501a96b1fd7977fc8243bfbf4d5e373db8c2c864ef0f3c479f50b0b0888956cb1ba75b69af60968
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-disc1.iso.xz) = 032c85b2d842798c59b4b6ed7fe92477c57ef5750b1222c9d50106f5773d690f75f6db8715b2becbb4cc0fc3b70b8a7a38b0edced2724f9cac14e88ac915dce5
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-dvd1.iso) = 00a43cd5cb59109b5679cf3416aa46fc950bfb8e41a1206d0d5128484345e47ca05c28ce73658c737e43d86f8c311b5e68c0f4ef716132e93bd0426d5bbd9097
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-dvd1.iso.xz) = 6d67f652c86c95fa092318b0bdbb653cb089f7debd25355c4c07a91ab12839c67fef57e5788544e9ca1518e223c63da15b369890dedf13875c1a7a8cf02552a6
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-memstick.img) = 7c42b879de3bb6c83644d464ce2fd7d043ca7f572c8b928c034148ac2374d1b152eb360be98e7194e3276d1a9d24f3bd2d932376eac68fd9bbedd7f43de87f11
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-memstick.img.xz) = a64cfbe6607e8d3a2a20258797fe60ab144194ce5ae6e64f49c47e8ebaaeede57042ba1da0f190245528a4915ae33880531dbf584cd0e56503396224438c038f
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-mini-memstick.img) = b9164d201c71503857f71179c80b91ef50069b3fd5efad654d6590c79dab462ced1e09ad76c382363f91dce0a7404e06f88c6724e3f4751e0cce4a896011bcf7
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = 24113bcb06222011643f0aea087fda482095a8b74997cedc03d06d59191a886978985924f5bdf9f7eb82d368882e432960b4bcb4f9990fb127ab32b8f54e4e6a


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-bootonly.iso) = affe81638477a05d33a9511c3170bf33619b180b3a794cdde4161b3989e4d615
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-bootonly.iso.xz) = 6a35605035b0f107e4c9e6e95e48417b7c65aea9c4d0bb48d49aa943782863b2
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-disc1.iso) = ce7e8e5ff0ab76dd43beb708806cce2075a28f5722b596c9187f825a1e84a987
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-disc1.iso.xz) = 92b9574886bb524614a4cad9b84209fd093aebfe8e9bd0b98f48d37ed7eb7e18
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-dvd1.iso) = 512b8ec7a426f2f76e5a39750858f5e8c4e59d13244fa8571c30df43851972ce
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-dvd1.iso.xz) = 058353d5661736830e6e3ea2c8a5b3d78e48d26477bacfccd59ca0aa67ea2d94
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-memstick.img) = a330f750eb6aacb2dd317670be37931bdb2109c58534aff411a1ea1b51f5aa52
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-memstick.img.xz) = 29b67efc7a9c682d3a0c852396d2ec56d8b889035f2aa7df01a89a0f9d29ed58
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-mini-memstick.img) = 8c4f17a8ce80596a47bd61376387d8db7616bc2f2a1e1c5dd8d576247e2e074c
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpc64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = af2d8e002468afd7cc13566e30a25dca0221a306515228802dc35b8ed1515cbf


  powerpcspe:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-bootonly.iso) = acba7b9e1ec20ac69c9e4ac821a031e7e5368445dd3e19041c4c69ce7d1eb4268e8d928e3b4d57bca1d8b609e3bc73339d9337269e9c3f5717b2f1b1c9e556ed
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-bootonly.iso.xz) = a22f41d73b0597986ff8683f9d4bae1d869c807d759a1d6806dff981bfdabc2cc998a3ac2400d2e993302e0bd56905e3c46021df75705b11b68aca65a86895d7
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-disc1.iso) = 8b13cb63a11a8f38c14190f2bbf702324c004226bc5731c222ef5c5fcd8ea77327bd3a7abc6fd20ea759606b99e5a668e1e92f925057ff5eb245a60d7cf0e85d
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-disc1.iso.xz) = 433d509b525498d3ddd61e3986a04036a2bf8a1edc9372c7defd6a9a553fee20a57bb45f83d892d5831ddeead97045f9077abe02d0b3eaf483c38be5e38f5926
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-dvd1.iso) = 7f6ec525f547a01af572f0385ad8e0687db7b4dbe59899526f848a6bf179d4aef79ad0596718955cdf672fd319546ac3ae77f0889d17dd930d68d5ce8e2a8b03
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-dvd1.iso.xz) = abbd31e329c3848dfe3fc698577bd1d9cee62f730d7667215929512008d5c0e12c359e4f19086d344c934ed9207b9709b5312caed1e3927f251c916878ad1779
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-memstick.img) = 42493b05292a210e4936ffd35ac8d0fad9118ad335271cb59fd21f1e5158335c660298a53d6b0e68d2a0ed90f3006168958f83f567140fc0ef200077689e5173
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-memstick.img.xz) = d0d46e66123817858c2b390b60ef9b3c22253ecd901ff7c7974a8ea4583552270a6c62dde8026bc17156f60935ecc12be080389ebb9057180532e597518cc362
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-mini-memstick.img) = 74ecd9c4e170786f2d008d7577bed4f208e57a3ffab7006180b709acce068d479771fea893b7785dfae867f293035f4be2d279ea83e14388201a1affa7c6817f
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-mini-memstick.img.xz) = e27ffbe73016cb313815c39b8d4789e250f125c12e20e50e683e66918d5c041a371cdf6f36e5ceed445aa6c11509893ab34403d91b1395b194027f9e2f5b25d6


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-bootonly.iso) = 066ab01f0c29759753f2f7beb7cc3076e9c5fc4583cd1318ddd0c18b17ab666c
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-bootonly.iso.xz) = cc95cc7ed3f9b4ea008adbffed1175c1a57a5203a359eac0331d007907d968b4
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-disc1.iso) = 31c6d49979f6ed9fc936602d022e4d453ec048a40965131c15cd686a4c2e959f
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-disc1.iso.xz) = e12725500f686645c73aff4d640fdacc68bc01ecdb024dfb3974ad3952b3379c
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-dvd1.iso) = 1d4cfc6ed757e7b03881554b68d3eb348230373f17486851c19bc76ecb1f2208
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-dvd1.iso.xz) = 9eac8015371b069417ae5e63229f0d3fabd75a797d54ca62d898fd21db434a71
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-memstick.img) = f89e8a934f09ef26bdf0db8581105e2b0fd694289c3732657d166465aedbad5a
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-memstick.img.xz) = 4f4ef16e2868422800ca64d8480dfe757da3cf22bbc8d88d3d5f13cc9202e075
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-mini-memstick.img) = 8e75e4648c4769204bd82ca87593a7e1f523935e9250bd8964360d9718a1f9a8
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-powerpc-powerpcspe-mini-memstick.img.xz) = acb00b13a2aa6a1da56cfb55512d976a1d0e0965f2b4b5b8e97aac79ea3acca2


  sparc64:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-bootonly.iso) = cd636e94efde60c51336a41727db011c18d001173292705edeeca8a2a49a95a25a9b23093b0f9881e8899df06f80518cb23250366a115c77c9e9ed621de072d4
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-bootonly.iso.xz) = 9e31976ba2a9993e409f104d7b04407668bab965c55e5d396e1d5e886bb122a1886b21e6bea77841449f326f5cdf5c2efbd9768f45c305e693335053eacc8510
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-disc1.iso) = 8642f856abbf753e276137e54fec43cbd3690612194b7aa0aa9991f337a772bd491fe3102aa10acbf183238d085b8e5ed2585a469fbcad793a48907c80fa946d
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-disc1.iso.xz) = 26346fc4550f12cbd4fa8a037472cca8d5b5175d27f8cd14a5e0fc6e5e9297232be08d4f3049d91fd4ca1a5ce70576b8066b007c90962f1abbe4d35ea63ff099
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-dvd1.iso) = d2856cd36f396b7bf3547ade4ef87508dab2d141fe09cb759b194eb36c713c531f349874636dbba0c6af897e4f25b8b215f28efb38368a7bc262763f0d778e3b
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-dvd1.iso.xz) = 1ce49d92a4d15c48a9bc073cd2f5bfcbd375c990b4a57100cfd6653334fd75fe969f2c7048059b21b30e590fd3511f5276fbfbb8c7d6dd002c192314ec518593


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-bootonly.iso) = 5093e75b0f761fe9838397ae1b85ed8456ca196db23a141a7597d53d2bd1a41c
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-bootonly.iso.xz) = deb9729747a8254e9199a2121f6e1b6c33ff164bb0be8fd73943684e2c5fdfe5
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-disc1.iso) = 5511b61ae25fec78c4c16eaddcaa40796017674c0978000fc309bf882e3a5b41
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-disc1.iso.xz) = 276e6b079aadccbca109b61221f14d0d290386f037885de96bbb478585e804bd
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-dvd1.iso) = 3fc20f87455db25e24d04185291e675af94d0696b5ba524b6919bc3f9620d527
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-sparc64-dvd1.iso.xz) = 02061f1cdaeb0fcdfbec9e8d4bb3f2889684cd04638f4af31fdd500e17e3e70e


  aarch64 GENERIC:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-memstick.img) = 6383121ba224de5ed3d3ea0df489767fe6093e075a559212e8e871a8d4b8898143c2d5871956096708381e91a4502ea397e4f29af2b0d0e1cbf21e77d90d3605
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-memstick.img.xz) = d3416b0eb6db3480163753299458f4a872668ad0e0af55cb46d6698e0ce0a568334241b4835fabb35f1c68e6dc5869495077598c9183e480dba554ff5d009f2c
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-mini-memstick.img) = e978e4a7225430d47e91460fc89df580a0d0e4e647c50efe8055d2546c6cf132428fe4009705dec04358f6532b352987819d508e90ae7e2ecaa90251f9c9601c
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = a046ed7bd7affd3a19b8526ed059fcc626f772bd02b8281252782ee61e359967708973acb0866ba0815b8156b1720482d71e6092375e38d5867635d7665f41b1


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-memstick.img) = 20cad2d4ac2b2fa35899b59895ecfe0591eb61fd0a2cb43766cf360bde883fb5
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-memstick.img.xz) = 5cffe96dec4206375c161bb72d6726594abac80d92b244d52520018757ba3731
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-mini-memstick.img) = a93975e639f1b7ef5ec97431d16d100aeff6ecd269a72fa284380caf61991baa
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-mini-memstick.img.xz) = ea10e36846a5399693e1aa9402f05233963ea99d571b1cd6acc9f4f26a8d53a4


  aarch64 PINE64:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-PINE64.img.xz) = 1540c5e0c428859992983e62785db2e49014b3a7e8f47a6f82651df4e9080f20106e5b5dade00a3876dc3f6a44436285ed54fffbd7cd5de3410e11905cf2adbb


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-PINE64.img.xz) = 6ffd4e68de73d44c4f921e00dcdc66a05b554eabcfeda9a90cdd19e03f124e49


  aarch64 PINE64-LTS:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-PINE64-LTS.img.xz) = 1d1a237c6f83fc69440d5cb286a17cdfe3703c19b094abe6605b5a36cb4f86d1cbe384b839c8be8416e16abc9a931b7ee33c0c2ecf45168b2b842e6c9c184aa3


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-PINE64-LTS.img.xz) = 38b5025ebaacfc8095d5bfc6b2dd0892f526d7fefdf1fc2ed59cac8c1a49d7ba


  aarch64 RPI3:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-RPI3.img.xz) = 1e91ddc917f7ed2fe65be1b404a59e12e9f1793ec3b17315332925195973ddaecbb5340096ffa8f22b1a165fb92f1fbb98bffe305ca1b5648a62187b56718548


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64-RPI3.img.xz) = 647af0d7350a94a71f0272749938db3a65cc16f3e5e7c9f86dee7c38cbc09e41


  armv6 RPI-B:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv6-RPI-B.img.xz) = b8e8807d8535b775996a1a6abb97392bf27d135ea779a67b83666eaf768d8d86dbe01bd47e344571bde4f5171e49f06a9c3bcbd5b8ce855bdb4a4874d0f4dd0c


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv6-RPI-B.img.xz) = 62015e596148afbf41c79e26ccf0aa03fced739f52f29da2e0daa53dd9b1e06f


  armv7 BANANAPI:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-BANANAPI.img.xz) = 16c02fbb5cca200545541dcc8fc489d1b5c0a97d088d561a3b5f23d9ccf3af927bbb629a0370f0d46f7d2b526237356f5ea9aabe62bd27e2b1fa6cc83078ab58


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-BANANAPI.img.xz) = cbae306000d780b83962ed80168fc10fb06934669f60e0b0593797af053e04e1


  armv7 BEAGLEBONE:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-BEAGLEBONE.img.xz) = 28606491d85f17c4714ee5364b1ca92e2ccc88202f52f53b8a228c785d79621eaf95ada9025dba15152ce2697fa134cf4a88eb98dc878a120881d7af9ee800eb


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-BEAGLEBONE.img.xz) = 85c9cb1664ba97462c52983cd716336bbee1baccb9762690bb5a91ebddefb0f1


  armv7 CUBIEBOARD:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBIEBOARD.img.xz) = 74eb9e58a3154178ad92b37a135336dc64dbe25138b11e38c07a2c033df337eb366e27e7c86c0c2146c45644df150405a79fd4972610e6cf7ad0bdf14967ff77


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBIEBOARD.img.xz) = 3292529893858544aca72779e42b826f115ac79f1c3d7e03c6175fa942af7b5f


  armv7 CUBIEBOARD2:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBIEBOARD2.img.xz) = bffdd0c942058b33c65ebc50a39755f6064d8a90e742e5a49a2c2e83d3f98db986bb31c7f5d3ffaf81fff5b49cb0024db85cc0b64412b6e0f4b240e556507c57


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBIEBOARD2.img.xz) = 429b595339c042e148bd26cb6df134af2598b266b044245e72012fc6b3591c92


  armv7 CUBOX-HUMMINGBOARD:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBOX-HUMMINGBOARD.img.xz) = 4b26eb1c761a0446fcdd8584ae08b62c8cf1f3f023c8cb6cc93803e116511ac2b869366ff2067da991a1694d2d62d36c95a2b40e3005b26fc64921ed73d556b8


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-CUBOX-HUMMINGBOARD.img.xz) = 8b64e8a8d1cb13e854da4b553b0f582ee4e8813493e480fd68c9438c3ec3d3f3


  armv7 GENERICSD:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-GENERICSD.img.xz) = bfdca8bba4e78dc12774719d1bd25de7ebc8f45ec5f3f55c58c8ab83065e2f5c441608736b346aa31b7719c8402b965f92f1bcc55a1128a833c82fac19fe673c


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-GENERICSD.img.xz) = 032265f4168fe086b62757493f0f7ce1fb0a638743cca52602e2a5f202ca15d0


  armv7 RPI2:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-RPI2.img.xz) = 52a82585b206ca2c6bd5874462532ddda7c0cbc22ae97b2d9adc3434f90bc98b28ce4d7d9a397d26eb9d4d9175f00f7bb93ed36fbb9bd19391d95fcb63e527c9


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-RPI2.img.xz) = 3b6aa0ee7dc9109e07e7c4cec5b3f9c555d2a7ca5d1b67025c0bd17b3bbe3bd0


  armv7 PANDABOARD:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-PANDABOARD.img.xz) = 677057c74088cb0297b23e6e52b2b058a84018d0272a2d0739344765c7f382171407d951b664446d118cd20f43546ff907cf90e47c9b7e7818153a4fbb9b6c1f


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-PANDABOARD.img.xz) = e28241e87d249ac7d6b84552a379e8f299402fd9b7ffc25b026593776a28af9e


  armv7 WANDBOARD:

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-WANDBOARD.img.xz) = 660aafb43c665e27d5647bf2e9795357fe0759eabddadf81d9b4d02f122e5f82be3d2f46c18f18af7b8af482a3efe0333b65c5a4f511849e22fb43925e48a48f


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm-armv7-WANDBOARD.img.xz) = fa71804e656f665bcd4a1413b2abfa4e190d1e8b3886d6bc229f0dc5e7a2b949


Virtual Machine Disk Image Checksums

  amd64 (x86_64):

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.qcow2.xz) = 48bd0a1d2906c55d79beedabf19b5ef6ae48697be0c4429998c9ceedc40fb085ac9647cf98d09ad0c5162e0bf104f9a0601fa521e60fea01fbe8d999b5467ba2
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.raw.xz) = a1bce53d3a83f777e0aaf5e8fe0cdf1dcfa3e30e5d0cd0f2738f5f1d1f4d7e5daac3af38ef800a0abcfc67ecf1c541e9d7c5d2b9680116417c69f78dae1e8829
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.vhd.xz) = 211d1ca2d7d516b0e46badb12cff474e18d620ee071c0eb53f7609cf624e452062c2fca2c138d42b24a08cb6039f66ca03a75d12ed9c50355a24470ed7c807fb
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.vmdk.xz) = eead73be215f5b38eb04aeed79c435a8f8f60582c0cef402f56217baddcda3562f4b1f47d67769b89ecd3cbf9677be2224245f111bf563a3c645556ace89143e


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.qcow2.xz) = f4a2b88566cb4f6a9cf115e8d180111eb513b810cfb778a2416af18dfce29334
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.raw.xz) = 9eb70a552f5395819904ed452a02e5805743459dbb1912ebafe4c9ae5de5eb53
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.vhd.xz) = c79756c0c8eaea98e47accb400cd5705a774bbcbdd611c722ec42ddef3357cce
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-amd64.vmdk.xz) = c37a4d01f0b7e71442ca9265373c279f6652bba88b34107e5a5b23e3ab8f6383


  i386 (x86):

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.qcow2.xz) = 43d0e9b6fc0e93b996693e8a552a526320e39271058b4a344d042c6a59497a01edaf7a04d6312dfc9edd9e0bdd1e29417a2a38ca1bc7d9ac7f8b0af5ef7732b1
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.raw.xz) = 1f07f2f762f2418a0afc7735403e9d1638eb67847d4fcd160edbbe01253f72d13d4247c818010033917a7f8632f0e97300e7d9483d0bdba16233202dc9a5433f
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.vhd.xz) = a24c6a3a4776afbbf3d85622ea7d0d03c7cafaf31722035d2fa3691dec50da504768d7fd8b357518aec00d6e9700b6ee49d12795e440667e7d50cac780a24083
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.vmdk.xz) = b6418819950a7931dc388a60be5898726d5de0d5654b695fa3e6eec260c0fd00bac910daaa1e25d8bdee04977e46ca80a984ab338429c0957176642a7db4da34


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.qcow2.xz) = 756ecda4e2370afebe67fec96d4ca98ff06ac7a851609653bcbe54422f691b02
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.raw.xz) = 6be6486b788a9d0f15d110cd26ce6b68501c968374c60a0d2158b9a2818cf5c2
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.vhd.xz) = 0d194d325858eb896705a708bdf6dc6ac79fd85fc4f34db518d6229d660d00c3
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-i386.vmdk.xz) = 2a8548d11bb2890d2e3aa824e0659b4e684876c68d7f10c1ee7215a1e8c51ad0


  aarch64 (arm64):

   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.qcow2.xz) = 24e3cc5c3929ab35cf2c363e7dd0fae7e2b8a30a834eb9d47a12fcad439c7b08d00b617360c19bdcd7f34e648edb801ff9e070f1bedcbe480126dfbf7af60c17
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.raw.xz) = 940770659fc1cdb4e620e0d10a7eadbece3c380a1947a63e13928efd2f8f1f69ea1fa931b1e7bcab01767a4a0a3cc0ca25591bd993126531fa9dd5be20c7fc98
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.vhd.xz) = 9abfdc5195322ba7ce3beb0be86038ec1049c3357af5c7d554327c86f72732f9fdcb752c6ba04e8bb370ab6168243fa9e28f9aa0d31a33a91cafbd6dc0a9b9ea
   SHA512 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.vmdk.xz) = 4a745cac839fc179da7703a4e028ce612b16cce362c75830979274c92993ab3b3dfd4428025a112e4d4aa13692a7bc957da915bf212ec957cd087defd7c86d7b


   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.qcow2.xz) = 7d442d6ebaa9c3f7178c8f4356c7136cc8dc8a39fda4042faa35fd3daf4e5553
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.raw.xz) = 832e4860ee8ac2f776872f8658b949dede2a5f26d719e2f20e98bc3038a167be
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.vhd.xz) = f6296b4b0bda1ab5a459803156fb2f5dc3c87231322baaf8969ed0f5cc21c882
   SHA256 (FreeBSD-12.0-RELEASE-arm64-aarch64.vmdk.xz) = c1355435c3a9304ee4895ba82716cfc6b758d00919652d478e25aeb5a1105e1e

PHP 7.1 löst 5.6 als default Version in FreeBSD ab

TZ hat heute nach langem Testen die default-Version von 5.6 auf 7.1 committed: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/ports?view=revision&revision=479014

Hier der Eintrag in UPDATING:

20180905:
AFFECTS: users of lang/php56
AUTHOR: tz@FreeBSD.org

The default version of PHP has been switched from 5.6 to 7.1.

If you use binary packages you should make a list of php packages
before running 'pkg upgrade':

# pkg info php5\* > ~/installed-php-ports-list

After the upgrade, check with such list if all your php extensions
are still installed, and reinstall them if needed.

NetBSD 8.0 Release

Mit gut einem Jahr Verspätung erscheint das lang ersehnte NetBSD 8.0 Release.

  • USB stack rework, USB3 support added.
  • In-kernel audio mixer (audio_system(9)).
  • Reproducible builds (MKREPRO, see mk.conf(5)).
  • Full userland debug information (MKDEBUG, see mk.conf(5)) available. While most install media do not come with them (for size reasons), the debug and xdebug sets can be downloaded and extracted as needed later. They provide full symbol information for all base system and X binaries and libraries and allow better error reporting and (userland) crash analysis.
  • PaX MPROTECT (W^X) memory protection enforced by default on some architectures with fine-grained memory protection and suitable ELF formats: i386, amd64, evbarm, landisk.
  • PaX ASLR (Address Space Layout Randomization) enabled by default on: i386, amd64, evbarm, landisk, sparc64.
  • Position independent executables by default for userland on: i386, amd64, arm, m68k, mips, sh3, sparc64.
  • A new socket layer can(4) has been added for communication of devices on a CAN bus.
  • A special pseudo interface ipsecif(4) for route-based VPNs has been added.
  • Parts of the network stack have been made MP-safe. The kernel option NET_MPSAFE is required to enable this.
  • Hardening of the network stack in general.
  • Various WAPBL (the NetBSD file system "log" option) stability and performance improvements.

Specific to i386 and amd64 CPUs:
  • Meltdown mitigation: SVS (Separate Virtual Space), enabled by default.
  • SpectreV2 mitigation: retpoline (support in gcc), used by default for kernels. Other hardware mitigations are also available.
  • SpectreV4 mitigations available for Intel and AMD.
  • PopSS workaround: user access to debug registers is turned off by default.
  • Lazy FPU saving disabled on vulnerable Intel CPUs ("eagerfpu").
  • SMAP support.
  • Improvement and hardening of the memory layout: W^X, fewer writable pages, better consistency, better performance.
  • (U)EFI bootloader.

Many evbarm kernels now use FDT (flat device tree) information (loadable at boot time from an external file) for device configuration, the number of kernels has decreased but the number of boards has vastly increased.
Lots of updates to 3rd party software included:
  • GCC 5.5 with support for Address Sanitizer and Undefined Behavior Sanitizer
  • GDB 7.12
  • GNU binutils 2.27
  • Clang/LLVM 3.8.1
  • OpenSSH 7.6
  • OpenSSL 1.0.2k
  • mdocml 1.14.1
  • acpica 20170303
  • ntp 4.2.8p11-o
  • dhcpcd 7.0.6
  • Lua 5.3.4
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